Research

The Oghuz alphabet for reaserch and Machine Learning of the "Oghuzname", also known as the Book of Dede Korkut (Kitabi Dədə Qorqud) is based on the Azeri alphabet, since it is fully interchable with all other Southwestern and Northwestern Turkic languages, with some changes the letter Iı [ɯ] is replaced with Ьь (I with bowl) to eliminate a software "I-problem" associated with the Common Turkic Alphabet, and Jj [ʒ] with Ƶƶ. This is done due to fact that sound [ʒ] is quite rare in the Oghuz language. A new letter introduced Ňň to preserve sound [ŋ] in some archaic words. Also, the sound [ʃ] is shown as Ww, as it was originaly intended in the Phoenician alphabet, instead of Şş. The letter Gg is restored to the original sound [ɡ], and Qq back to [ɟ]. The vowels Öö and Üü, restored back to the original form Өө and Yy accordingly. The consonant Yy [j] restored back to Jj.

Manat is a name for the national currencies of Azerbaijan (since 1918), Turkmenistan (since 1993), Georgia (1918–1923), North Caucasian Emirate (modern Dagestan-Chechnia-Ingushetia, 1919–1920), and Provisional National Government of the Southwestern Caucasus (1918–1919). Manat was also the designation name for the Soviet ruble in Azerbaijani, Turkmen and Georgian languages. Azerbaijani manat is subdivided into 100 qapik. The purpose of this article to analyze the origin and prove the relationship to the ancient Sumerian word ma-na (𒈠𒈾), a measurement of unit of weight equivalent to 60 siklu. Mana derives from word 'mani', which translates into English as 'to count'.

Azerbaijan is a birthplace of many ancient cultures and civilizations, such as Shulaveri-Shomu and Kura–Araxes cultures, Mannea, Urartu, Media, Atropaterna, Caucasian Albania, etc. Through the history there have been many speculations about the origin of Azerbaijanis: Persians who adopted the Turkic language; Seljuk Turks who came from Central Asia and settled in Transcaucasia. None of these hypothesis came true. Recent DNA analysis show that Azerbaijanis are the aboriginal people who live in their ancestral land for many years. So who are the Azerbaijanis, their national identity, and their place in the history?